JSR88-compliant containers support


Cargo supports JSR 88: J2EE Application Deployment API, allowing it to be used with any JSR88-compliant container.

The core functionality is implemented by the o.c.c.container.spi.deployer.AbstractJsr88Deployer class (a Deployer implementation), which acts as a proxy to the JSR88 DeploymentManager.

GlassFish 6.x onwards, as well as newer versions of Payara

The GlassFish 6.x container doesn't have any remote deployers yet, as GlassFish 6.0 lacks JSR-88 support and it is unclear whether this will be included in a future release. Until then, please follow the remote deployment instructions for GlassFish 6.x.

Recent versions of Payara might have issues getting deployables uploaded via JSR-88, resulting in errors such as:

Distributing failed: Action failed Deploying application to target server failed; File not found

If you encounter such errors, please follow the remote deployment instructions for recent Payara versions.

GlassFish 3.x to 5.x and Payara

The GlassFish 3.x, GlassFish 4.xGlassFish 5.x and Payara remote containers use the JSR-88 API. For the connection to succeed, the following JARs need to be in the container classpath or in the current Java Thread's context classloader:

  • deployment-client.jar and its dependencies - for GlassFish 3.x, these seem to be:
    • admin-cli.jar
    • auto-depends.jar
    • common-util.jar
    • glassfish-api.jar
    • deployment-common.jar
    • hk2-core.jar

Here is an example code for the users of the Java API:

List<URL> urls = new ArrayList<URL>();

// Add many libraries from GlassFish
for (File jar : new File(this.localContainer.getHome(), "glassfish/modules").listFiles())
    if (jar.isFile())

// Create a ClassLoader contaning all these JARs
URL[] urlsArray = new URL[urls.size()];
urlsArray = urls.toArray(urlsArray);
URLClassLoader classLoader = new URLClassLoader(urlsArray, Thread.currentThread().getContextClassLoader());

// Now, create the GlassFish Remote container

Here is an example Maven 3 plugin configuration:


When adding the org.glassfish.deployment:deployment-client dependency, please make sure that the version matches exactly the targeted GlassFish server's version (beware the updates that you install on GlassFish, these indeed change the version of your server); else you might run into unexpected surprises like:

error submitting remote command: com.sun.enterprise.admin.cli.CommandException:
   CLI001 Invalid Command: list: InvalidCommandException -> [Help 1]


GlassFish list help command report

Exit Code : SUCCESS
list - null

GeneratedHelp true
SYNOPSIS Usage: list [--monitor=false] pattern %%%EOL%%%

The list of versions you can choose from can be found on:

When you configure the GlassFish or Payara server to only use modern versions of TLS (and hence block older TLS versions), you might get an error message such as the below:

error submitting remote command: org.glassfish.api.admin.CommandException: Remote host terminated the handshake: SSL peer shut down incorrectly 

That happens because unfortunately even the latest version of the GlassFish Deployment Client dependency uses TLS version 1, and offers to ways to change it.

Later versions of the Payara deployment client fix this issue by setting the default to a modern TLS version:

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